Founded in 1777,
is rich in Civil War history and legacy. The town is home to two of Lexington America’s oldest institutions: The Virginia Military Institute and Washington and . The V.M.I. was founded in 1839 and is one of six senior military colleges, and the only state sponsored military college in Lee University . Often considered the ‘ Virginia West Point of the South’, the V.M.I. has had some very prominent teachers and alumni.
Stonewall Jackson taught at the V.M.I. previous to the outbreak of the Civil War and used his influence to promote the Institute as one of the Confederacy’s leading academies for commissioned officers. Cadets at the V.M.I. played an important part in the Battle of Chancellorsville, where they help pushed back an advancing Union army and eventually broke through their lines, handing Lee an important victory. However, General ‘Stonewall’
Jackson was shot in the arm and hand by friendly fire, and eventually died from his wounds, where he was brought back to and laid to rest in the local cemetery. Needless to say, Stonewall Jackson is a bit of a local commodity: one can see his house when he lived here, his grave site along with other Civil War soldiers and a museum dedicated to his life. Lexington
The other great Confederate General, Robert E. Lee also enjoys a fine legacy here in
. After the war he retried to Lexington Lexington and reluctantly accepted the position of President to then until his death in 1970. Washington College Washington College changed their name to Washington and in honor of its most famous President the following year. Lee University Washington and had a very distinguished and storied history before Lee took up his post. Established as Lee University Augusta Academy in 1749 some 20 miles outside of Lexington, it began as one ’s first institutes of letters. Amidst the furry of patriotism during the War of Independence, America ’s name was changed to Liberty Hall in 1776. It moved to Augusta Academy Lexington in 1780 and was chartered as two years later. In 1796, George Washington gave the academy $20,000 in stock to save it from certain insolvency. As a gesture of their appreciation, the board decided to change the academy’s name to Liberty Hall Academy Washington Academy and then to in 1813, as it remained until 1870. Washington College
Keeping with its strong military tradition,
is also famous for the George C. Marshall Foundation. Named after Lexington America’s Chief of Staff from 1939-1945, George C. Marshall is one ’s finest military personalities. As a cadet at the Virginia Military Institute, America excelled in soldiery and graduated with the top honors of class captain. After choosing a life in the Army, Marshall Marshall took a post in the Philippines, followed by officer training school at , where also excelled and also graduated with top honors. Upon Fort Leavenworth America’s entry into World War I, was assigned to General Pershing’s staff, where he assisted in the Meusse-Argonne offensive of 1918. After the war, Marshall Marshall was assigned to various posts including Command of the 15 Infantry Division for three years in . After much work with the Civilian Conservation Corps during the 1930’s, China Marshall was called to as a one-star general. In 1938, he was appointed Deputy Chief of Staff and Washington Roosevelt made him Chief of Staff the following year. His contributions to the war effort in Europe and Asia were immeasurable and command the respect of men such as FDR, Churchill, De Gaulle and Stalin. He worked professionally and efficiently with John Dill, Alan Brooke and Lord Mountbatten of the British staff and helped ‘win’ the war.
So as you can see,
is a military town: rich in history and, therefore, without exception, hypocrisy…more on that later. As Lexington